Anti-Academy, John Hansard Gallery, 21 November 2013-18 January 2014
Anti-Academy, Zero Yen Bill, Akasegawa Genpei, courtesy Imaizumi Eiko.

BIGAKKŌ

Multi-positional work benches, designed by Nakamura Hiroshi and Nakanishi Natsuyuki in 1969 for Bigakkō, were intended to offer students various modes of working from kneeling on the floor to using the boxes as seats and desks. In Anti-Academy these are arranged as a workspace in which visitors to the exhibition can experience for themselves some of the Bigakkō drawing exercises.

Nakanishi Natsuyuki was a co-founder of the performance group Hi-Red Center. His class utilized complex workshop diagrams as instructions for drawing, delivering a physical experience of viewing, heightened through interaction within the drawing process.

In Nakamura Hiroshi’s class students developed Memory Notebooks, ‘a kind of scrapbook of their life history’. They also carried out exercises that tested memory of space and image.

Kikuhata Mokuma was committed to acknowledging the work of miner Yamamoto Sakubei who was virtually unknown in 1970. Kikuhata instructed students to reproduce large-scale composite copies made from the small Sakubei drawings.

Akasegawa Genpei, another co-founder of Hi-Red Center, was on trial from 1966 to 1967. He was finally found guilty of producing ‘models’ of currency, having made copies of 1000 yen notes. Akasegawa’s students were involved in lettering, copying and other activities that involved shopping and questioning the value of commodities.

Matsuzawa Yutaka advocated ‘disappearance’ and the end of the art object to his students.

Exhibits

Nakanishi Natsuyuki
Rotating Portraits, drawing diagrams by Nakanishi Natsuyuki as they appeared in Bijutsu Techo, 1969.
Photograph of Nakanishi Class by Morinaga Jun, 1969.
Workshop drawings and sketch books by students Katano Kazunori, Tezuka Masato, courtesy of the students.
Workshop portfolio (diagrams, photographs, posters), courtesy of Ando Yu, photographs by Morinaga Jun.
Professor Hayashi Michio on the artist Nakanishi Natsuyuki.
Interview with Yoshiko Shimada and Alice Maude-Roxby, 2012. Video by Deborah Baker.

Nakamura Hiroshi
Mona Lisa Drawing Exercise, Nakamura Hiroshi, 1969.
Map Drawing Exercise, Nakamura Hiroshi, 1969–70.
Memory Book, Nakamura Hiroshi, 1970.

Workshop drawings by students Sakakibara Shigeko, Morikawa Munernori, Ozaki Etsuko, Kawamura Tsutomu, Iguchi. Courtesy of the students, Boenkyo kara no kokuji. Nakamura Hiroshi Monograph, 1968, published by Gendaishichō-sha, Tokyo.

Kikuhata Mokuma
Kikuhata’s students’ copies of paintings by coal miner Yamamoto Sakubei, 1970. Photographs printed for exhibition courtesy of Tagawa City Library.
Photographs of students at work in Kikuhata’s class at Bigakkō, photographer unknown, courtesy Kikuhata Mokuma, 1970.

Akasegawa Genpei
Zero Yen Bill, Akasegawa Genpei, courtesy Imaizumi Eiko.
1000 Yen Bill Copy Exercise, 1973, published as Capitalist Realism Course in Bijutsu Techo, August 1973.

Matsuzawa Yutaka
Psy Box, 1983, Matsuzawa Yutaka, published box set edited by Yoshida Yoshie, displayed in tansu drawers, courtesy Imaizumi Eiko.
White Circle, 1970, Matsuzawa Yutaka, courtesy Matsuzawa Kumiko.

Kouga Katsuo, Miniature Drawing Class, drawings by Kouga Katsuo in Tateishi Tetsuomi’s class, 1969.
Video of Kouga’s works filmed by Kosaka Mayu, 2013.
Bigakkō Posters, 1969, 1970, 1971, courtesy Ishii Mayumi.

Chronology Wall
Installation of artefacts relating to Bigakkō history from the archives of Imaizumi Yoshihiko and Yoshiko Shimada.

Above: Zero Yen Bill, detail, Akasegawa Genpei, courtesy Imaizumi Eiko.
Photograph of Nakanishi Class by Morinaga Jun, 1969.
Photograph of Nakanishi Class by Morinaga Jun, 1969.
Rotating Portraits, drawing diagrams by Nakanishi Natsuyuki as they appeared in Bijutsu Techo, 1969.
Rotating Portraits, drawing diagrams by Nakanishi Natsuyuki as they appeared in Bijutsu Techo, 1969.
Mona Lisa Drawing Exercise, Nakamura Hiroshi, 1969.
Mona Lisa Drawing Exercise, Nakamura Hiroshi, 1969.
Kikuhata’s students’ copies of paintings by coal miner Yamamoto Sakubei, 1970. Photographs printed for exhibition courtesy of Tagawa City Library.
Kikuhata’s students’ copies of paintings by coal miner Yamamoto Sakubei, 1970. Photographs printed for exhibition courtesy of Tagawa City Library.
Psy Box,</span> 1983, Matsuzawa Yutaka, published box set edited by Yoshida Yoshie, courtesy Imaizumi Eiko.
Psy Box, 1983, Matsuzawa Yutaka, published box set edited by Yoshida Yoshie, displayed in tansu drawers, courtesy Imaizumi Eiko.